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Sowing Instructions

Preparation:
When sowing the seeds of cacti and other succulents, you should begin with reading up on the sowing conditions of the respective species. The necessary temperature and light requirements are particularly important. The wrong conditions will not only prevent germination, but can also make the seeds unusable. In addition to our own sowing information, the internet offers in the meantime enough information even about unusual genera and species.

Accessories:
Sowing Instructions 1 SuccuLandFor sowing, you will require a pot(1) (e.g. square pots 7x7cm), a freezer bag with rubber-band(2) (compatible to the pot size, e.g. 15x25cm), potting soil(3) (a mixture of common shop-bought potting soil and coarse sand 0.4-1.4mm), a hand-sprayer(4), a minimum-maximum Thermometer(5), if necessary a heat mat(6), and a small piece of paper(7) for very fine seeds. If there is not enough light, additional artificial light can be helpful.

Sowing:
1. Mix the potting soil with the sand at a ratio of 2:1. Breaking-up the soil with the sand means that later considerably fewer fine roots are damaged during transplanting. (If you feel it is required, you can also steam sterilise the soil. This is not really necessary, however, if you use a good substrate and work cleanly).
Sowing Instructions 2 SuccuLand2. Fill the pot to the top rim with soil mixture and press it lightly. There should be a flat surface.
3. Stand the pot in water until the substrate is completely soaked.
4. Distribute the seeds evenly over the surface.Sowing Instructions 4 SuccuLandSowing Instructions 3 SuccuLand Fine seeds are easier to distribute using a small folded piece of paper.
5. Press the seeds lightly onto the soil, but do not cover them with soil. Sowing Instructions 5 SuccuLandFor fine seeds, such as Echeveria seeds, this step is not necessary. Very large grains, such as Jatropha seeds, are pressed about 2/3 into the soil, 1/3 should remain above the soil. Pachypodium seeds are pressed half way into the soil with the tip upwards.
6. Finally, the distributed seeds are moistened with water using the hand-sprayer.
7. Carefully place the pot with the seeds into the plastic bag and close the bag tightly. The plastic bag will only be opened again when sufficient germination has taken place. Many species germinate in light. However, if you have sown seeds that germinate in the dark, use an opaque bag rather than a transparent bag. It is important that the bag is tightly closed so that constant humidity is guaranteed. Condensation should form on the inside of the bag after a while.
Continuing from here is dependent on the sowing temperature:

  • Sowings up to 20C (e.g. Echeveria, Haworthia, Lithops, some Agave and Euphorbia) are best placed in front of a shady window, without direct sunshine. Direct sunrays can otherwise raise the temperature in the plastic bag very quickly.
  • Sowings up to 25C (e.g. most of the cacti species) and over (e.g. Pseudolithos, Hoodia, Stapelia) can be temporarily placed in direct sunshine. A heat mat can be used to achieve the correct germination temperature.

Sowing Instructions 6 SuccuLandA short nighttime drop in temperature can encourage germination. Regular checking of the temperature using the thermometer is necessary in any case.
Some species germinate within a few days; some species take 5 weeks or more to germinate.
Do not forget to label your seed pots. To do this, you can use, for example, the included labels.

The SuccuLand-Team wish you successful sowing!